Post graduation in Microbiology is a two year specialised program comprising of four semesters. Three semesters covers study of several subjects like cell biology, molecular biology, basic microbiology, microbial diversity and physiology, genetics, computers and biosatistics, immunology and virology, genetic engineering, microbial technology, industrial microbiology, food microbiology, medical microbiology, environmental microbiology. During the three semesters classroom study is amalgamated with respective practicals which makes the subject knowledge firm and also enhances the practical skills and handling.
Fourth semester comprises of dissertation, a minor research program to be done in the CSIR, ICAR institutes or industries of Biotechnology. Our collaboration with several research laboratories, institutes and industries have made the ways swifter for the students to accomplish this minor research program. They are supposed to apply at various places by sending the recommendation letter forwarded by the Dean, School of Sciences. Dissertation reports are to be submitted by the students published following the norms and regulations formulated by the school of sciences. Students of our university have received training from institutes of national level like AIIMS Delhi, CDRI Lucknow, National research center on Camel, Bikaner, NDRI ,Karnal, CMAP Lucknow, DRDO Jodhpur, Indian Institute of Oceanography Goa , National Institute of Immunology Delhi, CFTRI Mysore , CCMB Pune, CSWRI Jaipur, BARC Bombay, IARI PUSA Delhi, JNU Delhi, CAZRI Jodhpur, TIFR Mumbai, NCL ,Pune, MSU Baroda.
After the completion of the dissertation program the student has to submit a thesis of approximately of 100 pages along with the certificate of the institute where He/ She has done the dissertation work.
Along with the practical training the students also have to do a detailed research on any topic as elective paper. This elective paper is a way of acquiring in depth knowledge of the topic assigned to the student. This makes them efficient in searching the related theory, data, facts and figures. A thesis of approx. 100 pages is to be submitted by the candidate that has weightage of 100 marks
The assessment of the fourth semester is done on the basis of thesis and power point presentation given by the candidate and internal assessment on the basis of elective course.
In-house research projects
School of science has introduced in its curriculum a mini research project of six months. During the third semester every student of PG program has to do research on a topic under the guidance of assigned faculty member. Every student has to study the relevant topic and search various aspects of the topic and work happening on it across the world in order to prepare the review of the topic. This helps him to design his work of plan. Then he/she performs the experiments of the topic to derive the results. This experiment work inculcates in him/her innovativeness, patience, analytical power and sense of observation, besides builds in confidence. This six month research program also sharpens the practical skills of the students so he/ she is well prepared for the dissertation work supposed to be done in fourth semester.
Microbiology is the scientific study of microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, and other microbes. Scientists frequently specialize in the type of organisms they study and the industries in which they work. Microbiology careers are available in a number of different settings, such as universities, food and beverage, leather, paper, chemical, beverage, distilleries, dairy, detergent, biopesticide and pharmaceutical companies.
Many microbiologists research specific types of microbes.
A bacteriologist, for example, studies different types of bacteria to learn about their life cycles, structures, and functions. They may experiment with different types of antimicrobial solutions to eradicate harmful bacteria from samples.
Virologists research the nature of viruses and how different strains develop.
Mycologists focus on fungi, and protozoologists study algae and other protists.
Microbiology careers in all areas of specialization are found in several different work environments. Many microbiologists are employed by universities, where they may lead research teams in laboratories and teach advanced science courses. University microbiologists train new generations of researchers, supplying the tools and techniques they will use in their future microbiology careers.
Several microbiology careers are available in research and development institutions. Microbiologists employed by pharmaceutical companies typically work in teams develop affective medicines against various diseases. They may spend months or even years researching a specific virus or disease and the treatments which have been prescribed in the past. A team experiments with cultures and tissue samples to determine the effectiveness of new medications in fighting the malady. Once a medicine shows promise, microbiologists may suggest a clinical trial on animals or humans in order to confirm laboratory results.
The biotechnology industry employs microbiologists to determine how microscopic organisms can be helpful to society. Some microbiologists work in food science labs, studying preservatives, potentially helpful probiotics, and harmful pathogens found in food. Medical microbiologists might work in hospitals or medical laboratories, studying and diagnosing various bacterial and viral diseases. They are often trained physicians who actively engage in the treatment of such microbial diseases. Medical microbiologists are essential to advancement of microbial immunology, the study of the body's immune system and microorganisms which help and harm it.
Scholars of microbiology can opt for a career as
They can even choose a career as science writer, who writes articles for common people and professional microbiologists. Career as a teacher in the field of microbiology is also a lucrative option.
Microbiologists are biological scientists who study organisms so small that, generally, they can only be seen with a microscope. These microorganisms include bacteria, algae, yeasts, fungi, protozoa, viruses, and other microscopic forms of life.
Microbiologists isolate and make cultures of microorganisms, identify their characteristics, and observe their reactions to chemicals and other kinds of stimuli. They also study how microorganisms develop and reproduce as well as their distribution in nature.Many microbiologists work for universities, where they teach and do research. Others work at medical centers or in private industry. Some work for government agencies. Although their jobs have different aspects and responsibilities, most microbiologists do some research or laboratory work. They use special equipment to study microorganisms including light microscopes, electron microscopes, centrifuges, glass tubes, slides, and computers. They are often assisted by biological technicians.
Microbiologists work in several areas.
Many do basic research to increase knowledge about the life processes common to microbes. Their work helps to answer basic questions such as those pertaining to the use of food and oxygen in cells. Other microbiologists are employed in medicine. Medical microbiologists study the relationship between microorganisms and disease. They isolate and identify disease-producing organisms and study their distribution. They also study the ways that the organisms enter the bodies of humans and animals, establish themselves, and cause disease. Immunologists, for example, study the body's defensive responses to microorganisms.
Microbiologists study micro-organisms, which are central to many new scientific developments, such as genetic engineering and gene therapy. The work includes designing and conducting experiments, making observations and drawing conclusions, writing reports and scientific papers and presenting work at scientific meetings and conferences.
Within healthcare, some microbiologists work as medical laboratory scientific officers, dealing with samples from patients and isolating and identifying the microbes that cause illness (pathogens). Others practise as clinical microbiologists, working alongside hospital doctors, general practitioners and environmental health officers in the diagnosis and prevention of disease.
Outside healthcare, microbiologists might develop new products in the food industry or work in a public health laboratory, testing food, milk and water supplies for microbiological contamination. There are other openings in areas such as the pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and oil industries, where micro-organisms can be used to produce chemicals, hormones, antibiotics and enzymes, all of which can be of great benefit to society.
Microbiologists work for a wide range of employers, including hospitals, universities, the National Blood Service and the Health Protection Agency. Others work in industry, including pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, food and drink, and consumer goods, biotechnology industries, food-research associations and the water industry, government research establishments, research councils and government agencies.
The demand for microbiologists is increasing, especially in small or medium-sized companies. Work experience placements can often lead to more permanent employment.
Microbiology like any other research science requires an analytical and scientific temper, intense interest in research, keen observation, perseverance and hard work. Scientific pursuit driven by keen motivation is required.
Methodical approach in work, dedication, ability to relate to a team of professionals, good communication skills are at the core of success. Mathematical and computational skills too are important.